Mongolia situated in the heart of Asia. Mongolia is the country of grass of the steppes, sand dunes, mountains. Mongolia is a land of nomadizm. Mongolia is the country of blue sky. Mongolia is a remarkable sunny country enjoying 250 sunny days a year.
Territory: 603908 square miles
Highest Elevation: 14350 feet
Terrain: Vast semi –desert and plains, mountains are in the west and southwest, the Gobi Desert is south and southeast.
Climate: There are four well-defined seasons, and on average, the sun shines for well over 250 days a year. The climate is extremely continental with low precipitation. Average summer temperature is +20’C, average winter temperature is -26’C, average rainfall -200-220 mm. winter lasts from November to late April. Although winter is cold with lot of snowfall, it also has many sunny days.
Government: Parliamentary republic
State structure: Unitary state administratively divided into 22 provinces and a capital city.
Capital: Ulaanbaatar (population approx 1 million)
Economy: It is traditional based on agriculture livestock breeding and also mining (mainly gold, coal, copper)
Language: Mongolian Language. Common spoken foreign languages –English and Russian
Religions: Buddhism is dominant, some elements of Christians, Muslims and Shamanism practiced as well.
Time zone: +8 hours to GMT
Currency: Tugrik, All major currencies can be exchange at banks and licensed exchange centers in Ulaanbaatar. Credit cards are accepted at biggest hotels, restaurants and supermarkets.
Electricity: Power supply is 220 V and 50 Hz. Sockets require a two – pin type plug or an adapter.
Country code: 976 and area code for Ulaanbaatar 11
Mobile phone: GSM 900, 1800, CDMA 450, 800, 1800, 1900.
Visa: Visa is issued by Mongolian Embassies and Diplomatic Missions abroad or can be obtained at the international airport by those with a formal letter of invitation. If traveling on an organized tour, visa can be obtained through tourism companies or travel agencies.
Health: No specific requirements, all visitors should ensure that they come to Mongolia with suitable medical insurance
Insurance: You are recommended to have travel insurance with an insurance company of your country.
Food: There are varieties of restaurants in Ulaanbaatar serving Mongolian, Chinese, Russian, European, Japanese, and Korean, Thai and Latin American foods.
New Year- 31- December -1 January, Lunar New Year- February 12, 2009, International Women’s Day -8 March, Mother and Children’s day -1 June , National Holiday “Naadam”- 11-13 July, Independent day -26 November.