In July 1921 in the centre of Ulaanbaatar, the 'hero of the revolution', Damdin Sukhbaatar, declared Mongolia's final independence from the Chinese. The Square now bears his name and features a statue of him astride his horse. The words he apparently proclaimed at the time are engraved on the bottom of the statue: 'If we, the whole people, unite in our common effort and common will, there will be nothing in the world that we cannot achieve, that we will not have learnt or failed to do.
This large and famous square is the centre of Ulaanbaatar where the Parliament, the Government House, Stock Exchange,
Chinggis Memorial Monument and many other important establishments are concentrated there. There is Center Point of Ulaanbaatar city /a./ on the square. And there are some special monuments related Ulaanbaatar city’s history around the square.
Location: On the south side of Peace Avenue around the center of the City, in front of Parliament Building.
The State Central Library
Ancient sudras and other old manuscripts. State Central Library was founded in 1924. Funds of the library include valuable editions of books, which represent cultural heritage of Mongolians. These include the complete manuscript copy of Kanjir, collections of books "Mongolica" and the "Secret History of Mongols" written in 1240, as well as "Altan tobci"(Golden Annals) the only copy of Mongolian historical chronicles compiled in XYIII century.
Location: On the east side of Chinggis avenue, just south of Sukhbaatar Square and across from the State Academic Drama Theatre. Address: Chinggis Avenue-4, Ulaanbaatar – 210648, Mongolia.
The Zaisan Memorial.The tall, thin landmark on top of the hill south of the city is the Zaisan Memorial. It was erected on the 50th anniversary of the Communist Revolution and honors the Soviet and Mongolian soldiers who died in WWII in the fight against Japan and Nazi. And built by the Russians to commemorate 'unknown soldiers and heroes' from various wars. This tall landmark in front of the city offers the best views of Ulaanbaatar and the surrounding nature and the best opportunity to take photo.
Location: In front of the Ulaanbaatar city, on the Bogd Khan Mountain.